In the years following the 1913 Armory Show in New York, Chicago, and Boston, modernism became the dominant style in American art. Inspired by the work of the European avant-garde, native artists freely synthesized aspects of Cubism, Fauvism, Futurism, Orphism, Constructivism, and Surrealism into works that expressed their individual personal and theoretical concerns. By contrast with their European counterparts, American created works that tended to be optimistic about technology and modern life. This catalogue presents the art of thirty-two prominent American modernists including Milton Avery, Ilya Bolotowsky, Charles Demuth, Raymond Jonson, John Marin, Jan Matulka, Charles Sheeler, Niles Spencer, Joseph Stella, Mark Tobey, Marguerite Zorach, and William Zorach. An introduction and thirty-eight color plates are included in this catalogue.